Let me recap really quickly what we have come to conclude so far. Keep in mind that the entire overarching question was proposed a few weeks ago, and we are trying to explore how to help people use the freedom that they have naturally responsibly. Just because we have freedom does not mean that it is right to utilize it in every way, and I think we can all agree that we want people to do things that are right and good. We all benefit when that happens.
1. We established that complete subjectivity is impossible; there must be at least one or perhaps multiple truth claims or statements in the universe.
2. We have made the assumption based on experience that we can observe an external world. The external world, while perhaps perceived differently by you or me, is still the same object we can both observe.
3. We have made the assumption that logic is true and that the laws of logic can be trusted.
4. If these assumptions are true, then true beliefs about the reality we observe are going to correspond with that reality. If someone has a belief that does not correspond with reality, it is wrong.
5. We have established that the promotion of life is a good belief for society because without adequately valuing the preservation of life, society would quite literally die off. If we want a society, there needs to be a value of life.
6. Freedom is a good thing that is consistent with human nature. However, it is a freedom to do which is right that is what we are shooting for.
We are now at a point where we can begin to obviously start trimming belief systems away that are not good. A cannibalistic society does not promote life for example. There’s no way we’re going to set our value system based on those beliefs. We are promoting freedom to do what you want, but we are violating the principle of one of our chief goods.
Similarly, we can trim away the authoritarian, communistic state. This might be a controversial claim, but there is a violation of the principle of freedom inherent in the system. With the government controlling not only the means of production but a large degree of a person’s daily activities, freedom is restricted. If people are truly free and freedom, while able to be used wrongly, is not inherently wrong, then we want a worldview that encourages the exercise of what it means to be human. We are not cogs in a machine but human beings, so we need to recognize that part of reality.
However, there are still some gray areas we have to hammer out. We want to have a freedom to do that which is right, and we want to create a society that encourages those beliefs in its citizens. Just like Plato, we’re on a mission to build a society that encourages justice and goodness. We will continue on Wednesday